The Orchids of the Eastern Himalaya – Mobile Apparatus

The Orchids of the Eastern Himalaya

The Orchids of the Eastern Himalaya

About the application

(Launched date: 4th September/2018)

My love for orchids started in 2009, during my college days. I was attracted to each find, and visited many habitats to locate more species. Even though the days of visit were restricted to around 2 months each, in the summer and early winter, I was credited with many interesting finds.

However, in those days, identifying even popular road side orchids was very difficult. The only available records to identify them were drawings made way back in 1890s and few recent books that exactly copied those drawings.

Thanks to my association with Shri Karma T. Pempahishey of Holumba, Kalimpong, I was introduced to different types of literature on orchids that turned my love towards this most fascinating plant family to a detailed research oriented study. Along with all the literature, he turned out to be the inspiration behind my change in attitude towards in-situ orchid study. His guidance led me to concentrate on the iconic book, The Orchids of the Sikkim-Himalaya by Sir George King and Robert Pantling (1898).

On completion of my college days and submission of thesis, I returned to the Himalaya only to concentrate on the above mentioned iconic book. The book describes 449 orchid species, of specimens brought from various habitats and illustrated with hand drawings. Interestingly, only a limited number of copies were made and finding an original copy is as difficult as finding many orchids described in the book.

From the mid of 2011 to the end of 2014, the days were turbulent as well as jubilant, with intense hunting for various orchid species all across the region of Sikkim-Himalaya. The turbulent days were due to new terrain, inclement weather etc., and the jubilant times were those days with finds that were not reported or seen after the publication of the iconic work of King & Pantling. By the end of 2014, after a mammoth 45,000 km on foot, the count of species I documented stood at 564, a staggering increase from the original number of 449 species described in the iconic work.

With the advent of social media, I started a page on Facebook, titled,                  The Orchids of the Sikkim-Himalaya, with daily uploads of each and every species that I located, with the sole intention of popularizing each species and help with proper identification. The page now has thousands of photographs and hundreds of species, members, visits etc., which help people around the world in their study of orchids, research, etc., a resource I missed in my early days of study.

Since 2015, I am in Arunachal Pradesh as an extension of my pursuit on orchids of eastern Himalaya. Unlike Sikkim-Himalaya, where I had an iconic reference book, in Arunachal Pradesh there was a void. The few books available on Orchids of Arunachal Pradesh did not enable any reference. The remoteness, lack of communication, heavy monsoons played spoilsport in the initial days of work. Later on, I overcame all difficulties and was able to work steadily and till date am able to document more than 700 species from the region.

The entire work in the eastern Himalaya till now, produced documentary evidence of more than 1000 species of orchids and the publication of two books on orchids, Terrestrial Orchids (April, 2016) and Orchids of Ziro: Arunachal Pradesh (November, 2017).

This mobile application intends to show case all the orchid species in the region of eastern Himalaya. To start with, 200 species of orchids are presented, each with detailed description, altitudinal range, blooming period, status and extended presence on the Indian side of the eastern Himalaya. Each species is with five stunning photographs. Automatic scrolling, pinch and zoom facilities on the photographs help the user to see detailed and enlarged size photographs. Several search options are also provided to locate each species with ease.

On a regular basis, this application will be updated with more species.

I wish happy orchid hunting and proper identification of each species for everyone.

Naresh Swami

naresh@naresh.org.in

www.naresh.org.in

Cypripedium himalaicum Rolfe

TERRESTRIAL ORCHIDS by NARESH SWAMI

ISBN 978-93-5258-377-5

Cypripedium himalaicum Rolfe – A rare species of the dry alpine slopes, on the verge of extinction. This author during the course of study was able to locate only a few habitats of the species from the region. The book, TERRESTRIAL ORCHIDS, presents the species in bloom, with its characteristics and habitat described in great detail and dimension.

Cypripedium himalaicum Rolfe
Cypripedium himalaicum Rolfe
Terrestrial Orchids by Naresh Swami
Terrestrial Orchids by Naresh Swami
Terrestrial Orchids by Naresh Swami
Terrestrial Orchids by Naresh Swami

Cypripedium elegans Rchb.f.

TERRESTRIAL ORCHIDS by NARESH SWAMI

ISBN 978-93-5258-377-5

Cypripedium elegans Rchb.f. – An extremely rare species, seldom photographed and studied in its natural habitats. This author during the course of study was able to locate several habitats of the species from the region. The book, TERRESTRIAL ORCHIDS, presents the species in bloom, with its characteristics and habitat described in great detail and dimension.

Cypripedium elegans Rchb.f.
Cypripedium elegans Rchb.f.
Terrestrial Orchids by Naresh Swami
Terrestrial Orchids by Naresh Swami
Terrestrial Orchids by Naresh Swami
Terrestrial Orchids by Naresh Swami

Cymbidium macrorhizon Lindl.

TERRESTRIAL ORCHIDS by NARESH SWAMI

ISBN 978-93-5258-377-5

Cymbidium macrorhizon Lindl. – In the preface to The Orchids of the Sikkim-Himalaya, Sir George King mentioned collecting this species from the Rangeet Valley in 1879, thereafter the species was never found in Sikkim. Therefore this remarkable species was not described in their monumental book published in the year 1898. This author during the course of study was able to locate many habitats of the species from the region. The book, TERRESTRIAL ORCHIDS, presents the species in bloom, with its characteristics and habitat described in great detail and dimension.

Cymbidium macrorhizon Lindl.
Cymbidium macrorhizon Lindl.
Terrestrial Orchids by Naresh Swami
Terrestrial Orchids by Naresh Swami
Terrestrial Orchids by Naresh Swami
Terrestrial Orchids by Naresh Swami

Cymbidium lancifolium Hook.

TERRESTRIAL ORCHIDS by NARESH SWAMI

ISBN 978-93-5258-377-5

Cymbidium lancifolium Hook. – A species with beautifully colored flowers -its sepals are pale yellowish-green with tinges of purple, petals pale yellowish with a broad purple mid vein, the peduncle deep purple. The author during his work was able to discover a variety with pale green peduncle and rachis from the state of Arunachal Pradesh during his study. The book, TERRESTRIAL ORCHIDS, presents the species in bloom, with its characteristics and habitat described in great detail and dimension.

Cymbidium lancifolium Hook.
Cymbidium lancifolium Hook.
Terrestrial Orchids by Naresh Swami
Terrestrial Orchids by Naresh Swami
Terrestrial Orchids by Naresh Swami
Terrestrial Orchids by Naresh Swami

Crepidium purpureum (Lindl.) Szlach.

TERRESTRIAL ORCHIDS by NARESH SWAMI

ISBN 978-93-5258-377-5

Crepidium purpureum (Lindl.) Szlach. – Sir. George King and Robert Pantling in their monumental work, The Orchids of the Sikkim-Himalaya published in the year 1898, noted about the species, “flowers vary from pale yellow to dull purple”. The author during his work was able to rediscover and document many specimens with color variations from pale yellow to dull purple. Many of them are the first ever evidence from the region. The book, TERRESTRIAL ORCHIDS, presents the species in bloom, with its characteristics and habitat described in great detail and dimension.

Crepidium purpureum (Lindl.) Szlach.
Crepidium purpureum (Lindl.) Szlach.
Terrestrial Orchids by Naresh Swami
Terrestrial Orchids by Naresh Swami
Terrestrial Orchids by Naresh Swami
Terrestrial Orchids by Naresh Swami

Crepidium acuminatum (D.Don) Szlach.

TERRESTRIAL ORCHIDS by NARESH SWAMI

ISBN 978-93-5258-377-5

Crepidium acuminatum (D.Don) Szlach. – a species with beautifully colored flowers, changing its color from greenish yellow to purplish red. The book, TERRESTRIAL ORCHIDS, presents the species in bloom, with its characteristics and habitat described in great detail and dimension.

Crepidium acuminatum (D.Don) Szlach.
Crepidium acuminatum (D.Don) Szlach.
Terrestrial Orchids by Naresh Swami
Terrestrial Orchids by Naresh Swami
Terrestrial Orchids by Naresh Swami
Terrestrial Orchids by Naresh Swami

Cremastra appendiculata (D.Don) Makino

TERRESTRIAL ORCHIDS by NARESH SWAMI

ISBN 978-93-5258-377-5

Cremastra appendiculata (D.Don) Makino, a species with varying characteristics, from the number of leaves to its flower colourations. The book, TERRESTRIAL ORCHIDS, presents the species in bloom, with its characteristics and habitat described in great detail and dimension.

Cremastra appendiculata (D.Don) Makino
Cremastra appendiculata (D.Don) Makino
Terrestrial Orchids by Naresh Swami
Terrestrial Orchids by Naresh Swami
Terrestrial Orchids by Naresh Swami
Terrestrial Orchids by Naresh Swami

Corybas himalaicus (King & Pantling) Schltr.

TERRESTRIAL ORCHIDS by NARESH SWAMI

ISBN 978-93-5258-377-5

Corybas himalaicus (King & Pantling) Schltr., the only petal-less orchid from the region of eastern Himalayas. In their monumental work King and panting mentioned about a “moist vertical rock” from where their collectors found the species. After more than 125 years, this author during his studies was able to locate the same moist vertical rock and the species thriving on it. The book, TERRESTRIAL ORCHIDS, presents the species in bloom, with its characteristics and habitat described in great detail and dimension.

Corybas himalaicus (King & Pantling) Schltr.
Corybas himalaicus (King & Pantling) Schltr.
Terrestrial Orchids by Naresh Swami
Terrestrial Orchids by Naresh Swami
Terrestrial Orchids by Naresh Swami
Terrestrial Orchids by Naresh Swami

Cheirostylis griffithii Lindl.

TERRESTRIAL ORCHIDS by NARESH SWAMI

ISBN 978-93-5258-377-5

Cheirostylis griffithii Lindl. – Another beautiful flowered ground orchid which blooms in the summer months, often confused with its close generic allies. The book, TERRESTRIAL ORCHIDS, presents the species in bloom, with its characteristics and habitat described in great detail and dimension.

Cheirostylis griffithii Lindl.
Cheirostylis griffithii Lindl.
Terrestrial Orchids by Naresh Swami
Terrestrial Orchids by Naresh Swami
Terrestrial Orchids by Naresh Swami
Terrestrial Orchids by Naresh Swami